SPECIES IN DANGER OF DISAPPEARING
Endangered species of plants and animals are those which are exposed to the danger of extinction loss forever). And, each disappearing species may remove with its many species of animals and microbes which depend upon them for food and shelter. a number of them are:
Small creatures: prawns, oysters, lobsters, crabs, squids, octopus cuttlefish, Beatles, dragonflies, grasshoppers, fish, and even frogs are absorbing poisonous gases through their skin. Kiwis and kangaroos are endemic (restricted) to Newzealand and Australia and therefore the neighboring islands. As and when an island is lost, the endemic species on that also are lost.
PROJECT TIGER, Saving disappearing Tigers
Tiger has been the foremost species, especially in India since forests are being cut and destroyed. Then, most tigers are being worn out by poachers (hunters) killing them for his or her skin, bones, nails, and teeth which are being sold within India and exported to the outside world.
On just one occasion there have been over 40,000 tigers in India and hardly 1827 were counted in 1972. The sharp decline within the population of Tigers was thanks to deforestation, increase in human population, poaching, and broken ‘FOOD CHAIN. for its multiplication in its “Natural Habitat”. For this, nearly 18 tiger reserves are created in India, where efforts are made to produce natural habitat for tigers and encourage their breeding
CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY
Biodiversity is very important for all living creatures, preservation of the environment, and for economic reasons, Biodiversity is helpful in scientific and medical research. Hence, the globe Summit held a Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) for the conservation of biodiversity. As a result of this, the world Union of Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has been established to seem after the conservation projects.
Biodiversity conservation in India India took many initiatives for the conservation of biodiversity and established:
(1) The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
(2) The Forest Conservation Act, 1980
(3) The Environment Protection Act, 1986
Steps suggested being taken to Conserve Biodiversity: First and therefore the foremost is that the preservation of FORESTS. Hence, Stop cutting Trees (deforestation). just in case it’s necessary to chop trees in the reserve area, an equal number of trees are to be planted in neighboring areas.
In Practice planting of more and more trees (afforestation). “One man one Tree” slogan is given encouraging all and sundry to plant a minimum of
Wild Life Preservation Programmes are far as follows.
(a) Provide protection to wildlife in their natural habitat.
(b) The Project Tiger under WWF prohibiting hunting of untamed cats and also other species and establishment of Tiger Reserves. Tiger reserves provide natural habitats to tigers.
Ban on hunting of animals, especially those which are threatened species. These threatened species are classified by IUCN into four categories:
Endangered species: Which are heading towards extinction since they’re getting rare or their natural growth has over-involved. Examples are tiger, lion, crocodile and alligator, musk deer, blue whale, chiru, bear, duck and among plants Ginkgo trees and lots of weeds including medicinal plants.
G Vulnerable species: Which are on the verge of being endangered if not protected in time.
Rare species are found in small numbers leading to a limited population. These include the endemic species. There are nearly 4900 plants and animals which are endemic to North-East India, a number of which are orchids and rhinoceros. (iv) Threatened species are the carnivorous plant species which are likely to disappear soon thanks to human activities or natural disasters. interchange animal product is sure to wipe out snakes, lion, tiger, rabbits, deer, Tibetan goat (chiru) et al. Same is true about Moschus moschiferus which is killed for its musk gland emitting sweet fragrance. Killing or selling exotic birds (especially parrot) is very reducing their population.
Chiru In India complete of nearly 172 species of animals is considered as threatened species, of which 53 are mammals, 69 birds, 23 reptiles, and three species of amphibians. Species of plants under danger haven’t been listed since they’re many.
Red List or Red Data Book of IUCN
About threatened species of plants and animals in numerous parts of the globe has been prepared and issued by the World Conservation Union (WCU assigning the responsibility of protecting these species to the respective Governments.
Most important of all the Wildlife conservation projects is that the protection and rejuvenation (reforestation) of lost forests. it’s the forest that keeps the natural cycles of water, oxygen, and nutrients occurring. They influence the climate and are home to an oversized number of microbes, insects, worms, birds, mosses, ferns, fungus plants, algae, and medicinal plants.